Local Entrepreneurship Network and Environmental Conservation (LENEC)
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Local Entrepreneurship Network and Environmental Conservation

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Agriculture provides the opportunities to address extreme poverty in Africa, where the proportion of people living below the poverty line, of less than US$1 a day, increased from 47.6 percent in 1985 to 59 percent in 2000. As a result, more and more people in Africa have limited access to food and other basic amenities such as potable water, minimum health care and education, effectively limiting the opportunities available to them. Poverty and nutritional status are closely linked. About 26 percent of the people in Africa – more than 200 million people, particularly women and children – are undernourished; this is a reflection of poverty. It deepens other aspects of poverty such as incapacity to work and resistance to disease. It also affects children’s mental development and educational achievements.

Agriculture is not limited to subsistence food crops and livestock production but includes crops grown for sale, such as tobacco, cotton and flowers. Most agricultural households rely to some extent on sale of agricultural products. Thus, access to markets, finance and supporting infrastructure are crucial.

Horticulture, which includes vegetables, fruits and cut flowers, has become a major activity. It has grown to be the single largest category in world agricultural trade, accounting for over 20 percent of such trade in recent years. While in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), horticultural exports now exceed US$2,000 million, this is only 4 percent of the global total. Significant opportunities for expansion, therefore, exist in Africa to boost employment as well as foreign currency earnings. Join Now.

" 250 TZS for Solar pump and Green house ‘’

Is a project challenge that desires to provide solution on youth unemployment through Agricultural sector in Tanzania.
This challenge requests you to rise fund for acquiring Solar pump and Green house for developing the 3 acres training farm in Movomero District Morogoro.


Send ‘’ 250 TZS ‘’ or more to 0658 300300

for helping the collection of Solar pump and Green house.

The project challenge needs to involve 40,000 people to contribute for developing the training farm installed with tech set for irrigation.


Dial# +255 (0) 657029036 or text up thru [email protected] for more details.
follow us on: ‪#‎Agrikijana‬,http://www.greenchangesforlenec.com/ http://oviag.blogspot.com

Swahili Version:

“250/= kwa Pampu Nishati Jua na Kipando”

Ni kampeni inayolenga kuleta ufumbuzi wa tatizo la ajira kwa vijana kupitia sekta ya kilimo hapa Tanzania.

Kampeni hii inakuomba kuchangia upatikanaji wa PAMPU NISHATI JUA na KIPANDO ili kusaidia uanzishwaji wa shamba darasa wilayani Mvomero-Morogoro ambapo vijana na wakulima wengine watajifunza mbinu mpya za kilimo bora.


Ili kuweza kushiriki kampeni hii tuma 250/= au zaidi kwenda namba 0658 300 300 ili kuwezesha kupata PAMPU NISHATI JUA na KIPANDO.

Kampeni hii inahusisha watu 40,000 kuchangia kwaajili ya kuanzisha shamba darasa litakalokuwa na teknolojia ya kisasa ya umwagiliaji.

Piga# 0657 029036 kwa maelezo zaidi kuhusu kampeni hii.

Horticultural Farming for Improved Production Economy desires to provide the solution to youth unemployment through agricultural sector in Tanzania.
The project intends to involve youth and other peasant communities on building their capacities on improved irrigation scheme with three (3) significant phases, including; (I) Awareness on Irrigated-Farming potentiality (II) Demonstrating Irrigated Farming strategies-Farm School Approach & (III) Connect trained individuals (youth) to financial institution to access the agri-start up fund.
The project picks the agricultural sector since it is the foundation of the country’s economy. It accounts for about half of the national income, three quarters of merchandise exports and is source of food and provides employment opportunities to about 80 percent of individuals. It has linkages with thenon-farm sector through forward linkages to agro-processing, consumption and export; provides raw materials to industries and a market for manufactured.

The initiative shall establish the training farm that utilizes the drip system for irrigation at Mvomero District where demonstration on entire project activities shall take place for the nearby youth and other peasant community groups.

The initiative shall expand to other farming zones to make aware the young people and other indigenous community to participate into agriculture as the biggest employer, income earnings and food security.This project views that inadequate awareness on farming and technology, poor lending access, non-specific training on type of crops to grow and unreliable market cause the youth and other individuals to shun away from agricultural sector.

In connection to that, the initiative shall introduce the Agricultural ShowCase (ASC) that shall act as platform for discussing and presenting the Agricultural Context through TV/Radios and Social Medias like Facebook, Tweeter, Instagram and alike.

Project Phase and Time frame;

Phase (1) Awareness-[Sept 2016-August 2017] Information about opportunities on Agricultural sector shall be given through seminars & open meetings likewise social medias like twitter, facebook, blogs and instagram ( social medias are places youth meet for discussion).

Phase (2) Pilot Farm-[ Sept 2017-December 2017] youth and other peasant groups shall be formed for involving into agri-practical training demonstrating ways and modern tools of farming.

Phase (3) Connecting to financial institutions-[ December 2017-April 2018] youth and other peasant group shall be attached to financial institutions like Banks and SACCOS or Companies that may loan irrigating equipments for farming.

Agriculture continues to be the engine of inclusive and accelerated economic growth, development as well as livelihood security in Tanzania. The rural youth in the region, however, is moving away from agriculture due to lack of basic amenities, professional knowledge and inspirational pathways for their employment security. It is very well appreciated and evident through the successful business models of leading public and private sector organizations as well as multi-national companies (for example IT sector) that youth is more innovative, productive as well receptive and curious to engage in and contribute to new technologies and advancements.  On the contrary, in agriculture sector, there has been a wide gap in youth’s energy and elderly people’s  experience, which is leading to ageing farming, slow pace of adoption of new innovations and technologies, huge losses in technology dissemination and delinking science with society and hence making farming non-remunerative, non-resilient and unattractive for the youth.

The agriculture that attracts the youth will have to be profitable, competitive, and dynamic. These are the same characteristics needed for agriculture to deliver growth, to improve food security, and to preserve a fragile natural environment. With higher priority accorded to implementation of well-designed public investments in agriculture, continued progress on regulatory and policy reform, and attention to assure inclusion of young people in Africa’s agricultural renaissance, the sector’s handsome youth dividend can be collected and widely shared.

Our country needs to undergo youth mindset transformation to change their negative perceptions towards agriculture in a bid to attract more youths in agribusiness undertakings, a move that will curb the current unemployment challenge.

This can be done through provision of education to youth on entrepreneurship initiatives through trainings, workshops, media and making an easy access to capital through provision of loans with lower interest rates and grants to attract their effective involvement in the pliantly available agribusiness.

This stems from the fact that agriculture has continued and remains the only sector that has provided employment opportunities to 70 per cent of the population in the country, leaving only 30 per cent to be shared by other sectors of economy and the formal sector.

Activities like poultry keeping, dairy farming, training and advisory, agroforestry, fishery and cottage as well as agro-processing industries for agri based foods, are important avenues for youths to focus on essential sources of income and livelihood. Speaking at the launch of the Tanzania Youth in Agribusiness Forum (TYIAF) held in Morogoro recently, Prof Chen said despite the challenges youths face; they remain key drivers and ambassadors of agricultural sector transformation in the country.

"Youths have the greatest potential of changing agricultural business landscape not only in the country but also at the global level, they only need courage, determination and positive attitude towards embracing agricultural sector," said Prof Chen.

The solution to the problem of food insecurity as the population increases lies in our hands as Tanzanian youths. Some ways we can have a good start as successful agric-entrepreneur (Agroprenuer) is to do the following:

  • Take active interest and grow a passion for agriculture and its business and a particular aspect that can network other areas as a cycle.
  • Think Big with a business plan and entrepreneurial advice from Banks, consultants but always start small, within the capacity you can afford and handle.
  • Be well informed about the aspect of agriculture you want to go into especially the risks involved and the market value of product at each stage of the value chain.
  • Network with other young people. There are a lot of youth out there who are already into agriculture. Attend Seminars and workshop on agriculture and agribusiness even if you have to pay.
  • Acquire practical knowledge. Read books, manuals, journals and work for others on their farms to gain experience and exposure.
  • Get training in business planning, marketing and management it has proved very helpful because a major challenge of most agriculturists in Tanzania is their inability to build a business plan and market to their products.
  • .Be ready to be a team player, most aids from the government and the Bank of Agriculture sometimes require you are in a group of ten or there about. So start watching out for young people you can join hands and work together.
"If you are standing alone, the bus of development will bypass you, but if you are standing in a group the bus will stop and take you and your group on board,"
A role Model in Agriculture from Masasi District, Tanzania
Athmani Mochiwa, District Agriculture Extension Officer, has been working for 20 years in Masasi District, Tanzania, working to help farmers adopt new practices and technologies.  He sees his role as being the link between the farmers and the research institutes. “I’ve been involved in each and every step of the Pathways process—from the beginning to now. As an agriculture expert, my role was to advise CARE on some of the seeds to introduce and which technologies and practices to improve. I also worked to create some awareness among the villages about what the project is about.” He currently supervises a staff of 22 paraprofessionals (extension officers) and 5 ward extension officers to whom he provides active support.
Mochiwa sees Pathways as an extension of the Farmer Field School (FFS) approach, which allows farmers to see for themselves the differences between traditional and new production techniques or seed varieties. Through the farmer field school demonstration plots, adoption of new technologies happens more quickly. The critical addition of the “business” element to the Pathways Farmer Field and Business School (FFBS) approach takes the farmers first through the process of searching for a market before production.  “If you can assure farmers of a market, then you can be sure they will produce.  And with tools like the cost-benefit analysis sheet, they can improve their negotiation skills. They know the value of what they produce.”

They are particularly important for Pathways’ group members. Even when they are in mixed training groups, women put themselves behind the men. He notes, “They’re very good at doing the work and implementing, but if you ask them a question—they will wait for the men to respond. The women have to be encouraged to speak up and really feel part of the group work. In the homes, they are doing all the work, but they are not appreciated, and they are not organized. They are working as much as men, harder than men—but they need to know it’s not just for them to carry all this normal loads. Sometimes the men don’t allow their wives to join the groups. The men also need to be trained.”  The promising news, he says, is that there really is demand for this type of discussion.
“Yesterday, I went back to the village (where we tested various exercises with the community), and they asked me, ‘How did you know this would be so beneficial to us! How did you know we really needed this? When are you going to do more? We want the whole community to hear this.’ Those who attended were saying that it was really important, and that already the men wanted to change. So I told them that the paraprofessionals were going to train them on more and more, and that we were going to continue to work with them on these issues.”
The paraprofessionals left the training with documents in hand, energized to start implementing these exercises immediately. Mochiwa is confident that they will take this forward.
But the most important thing, Mochiwa emphasizes, is to provide continuous supervision and support: “If we don’t do that, the feedback and supervision, it’s like playing guitar to a goat—there will be no reaction.  After every training, we need to be in the field, and following up the work-plan that we do together. And the paraprofessionals need these interactions, so that they can share their experiences and learn from each other.”